Since people can't be held accountable for their emotions, virtue is not an emotion. Using the same example, we can prove that virtue is not a capacity. Everyone is capable of getting drunk, driving a car, and causing an accident.
Just because everyone is capable of these things does not mean that everyone will do them. Since we are all capable of basically the same things, but we do not all fulfill these capacities we cannot be held accountable for them. The only thing that virtue could be is a disposition, because it is not a feeling or a capacity.
Since virtue is a disposition we are responsible for the choices that we make based on personal vice and virtue. How virtuous a person is determines how they will behave in a given situation. Aristotle argued that since different people may act differently in the same situation there are no inherently bad actions. The Virtue Theory claims that an action is good if performed by a person based on virtue and bad if performed based on vice. This enforces the thesis that virtue is a disposition because a virtuous person will theoretically make the right choice in any situation.
Arguments can be made both for and against this thesis. One example of where the thesis can be applied is in the situation of self-defense. If a woman is attacked by a man with a gun and is about to be violently raped, but somehow gets the gun away from the man and shoots him to save herself, it will not be said that she is a bad person or that what she did was wrong.
It will most likely be said that she is brave and that she did what was right given the situation. An argument against the thesis is that some actions are morally wrong on every level. Christianity and Judaism both describe actions that are bad, independent of the person performing the action.
For example, Christianity says that it is wrong for a person to kill another person. Aristotle's major works are typically grouped into the following categories: The works on rhetoric and poetics are sometimes classified as practical science. Such rubrics may seem a bit confusing to modern students of Aristotle; what Aristotle referred to as "practical science" includes his writings on ethics and politics works we might think of as simply "philosophy" ; what he classified as "natural philosophy" includes his works in the areas of physics, psychology, and biology topics we would refer to as "science".
This volume attempts to group Aristotle's works in a manner reflective of critical consensus, as well as to provide entry headings which would both guide users according to modern conceptions of the terms "science" and "philosophy" and honor traditional classifications.
The entry Philosophy includes coverage of Metaphysics, Ethics, and Politics; the entry Rhetoric covers Rhetoric; the entry Science covers the works on logic including, for example, Categories and Posterior Analytics , biological works such as On the Generation of Animals , and psychological works such as De Anima [On the Soul].
This entry also includes coverage of Physics. Finally, the entry Poetics focuses on Aristotle's Poetics. Each entry's introduction provides a more detailed account of the primary works in that field of study; a brief overview of the textual history of those works; and a survey of the critical reception and interpretation of those works.
He later died in BCE, at the age of It is said that Aristotle wrote over philosophical treaties in different subject ranging from physics to biology to politics to morals. He formulated many beliefs concerning the essence of being. He emphasized the importance of nature, and impressed upon his student to study the natural phenomena. He often believed that knowledge could be acquired through interaction with physical objects. However, he affirms that our understanding of the physical objects is based on our personal associations and interpretation.
For instance, in teaching science he insisted that every idea must be supported by evidential explanation based on actual and tangible facts. In politics, he maintained a stand that all humans are naturally political, and this inherent trait is evident when people participate in civic affairs.
I cannot conclude without mentioning of his contributions to philosophy. He stated that logic is a universal means of reasoning.
Free Aristotle papers, essays, and research papers. Comparison of Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes - The foremost difference between Aristotle and Hobbes, and in turn classical and modern political philosophies’, with regard to a good life and happiness is that of normative judgments about the good life.
Aristotle wrote on a multitude of topics including metaphysics, biology, psychology, logic, and physics. While earlier and contemporary philosophers are believed to have influenced Aristotle's views, he is credited with systematizing entire fields of ideas and with providing the methodology for future philosophic and scientific studies.
Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek Philosopher and a very educated man. He was a pupil of Plato's and was the founder of the Lyceum. His view on all subjects was teleological. He recognized purposes apart from and greater then the will of the individual human being. Here given is a professionally-written essay example about Aristotle. Don't hesitate to read this non-plagiarized essay at your convenience.
In this essay I will cover the three main faults of Aristotle’s theory. Namely, its lack of clarity, that the theory is based on assumptions and that there is no evidence to support the existence of the prime mover. Free Essays from Bartleby | debated in our society is the concern of driving while intoxicated. Although this was naturally not the case during Aristotle’s.