These advances allowed families to increase their productivity and output. It gave them more disposable income and enabled them to facilitate the growth of a larger consumer goods market. The lower classes were able to spend. For the first time in history, the masses had a sustained growth in living standards. Social historians noted the change in where people lived. Industrialists wanted more workers and the new technology largely confined itself to large factories in the cities.
Thousands of people who lived in the countryside migrated to the cities permanently. It led to the growth of cities across the world, including London, Manchester, and Boston. The permanent shift from rural living to city living has endured to the present day. The rate of trade increased and made nations like Great Britain and the United States richer than ever before. Naturally, this translated to military power and the ability to sustain worldwide trade networks and colonies.
On the other hand, the Industrial Revolution and migration led to the mass exploitation of workers and slums. To counter this, workers formed trade unions. They fought back against employers to win rights for themselves and their families. The formation of trade unions and the collective unity of workers across industries are still existent today.
It was the first time workers could make demands of their employers. It enfranchised them and gave them rights to upset the status quo and force employers to view their workers as human beings like them. Overall, the Industrial Revolution was one of the single biggest events in human history. It launched the modern age and drove industrial technology forward at a faster rate than ever before.
Even contemporary economics experts failed to predict the extent of the revolution and its effects on world history. When it comes to economy, most of the consequences of the industrial revolution on it were quite positive. Wages rose, and people had enough money to buy goods. Industry developed, making it more efficient to produce products with the help of machines. These made it more profitable for industries, since work was done faster and without a need for a big human work force, thus creating mass production.
It was cheap to make goods, and they were produced at a large scale, which in turn led to consumers being able to afford more products.
Another thing was the creation of banks, which favoured economy as they lent money to set up even more industries. Mercantilism also helped European countries, since they had a market for their goods.
Also, industries were favoured by the construction of better roads and canals, and with the invention of the steam engine, as well as with the construction of turnpike trusts. Goods were transported in faster, safer and cheaper ways, which had a positive effect on industry and economy. The improvement of the transport system also had positive effects on social aspects. Now that people had more money, they could use it to go on day holidays to the coast, since they could use the railroad.
Improvement in transportation also eventually led to the creation of national sport leagues, as teams could move around from place to place. Fresh food could be transported faster and cheaper into urban areas, thus making it available for consumers, who, with the improvements in economy, now had money to buy it, as well as some mass produced clothes.
To get money, people had to work for long shifts, and housing was also more expensive. This made people pack together in small houses.
Over-crowding inevitably led to the quick spread of diseases and illnesses as pollution from industries and wastes filled the cities, affecting people who lived very close together. People working in the city also had bad working conditions. They worked for long shifts under unhealthy conditions, and accidents were common due to the over-tiredness of the workers after so many hours of work.
Also, for a family to meet monthly expenses, children had to work. Child labour was common, and children had harsh jobs, working all day instead of being able to go to school and get an education. Another negative consequence of the industrial revolution was the sharp increase of crime in cities.
Free Essay: The Industrial Revolution hit Europe and along with it came a great deal of change. Not only did this industrial revolution affect standards of.
Essay: European Industrial Revolution. The European Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic change. In England it became a transformation from hand tools and hand made items to machined and mass-produced goods. The growth of factories replaced the cottage .
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world. It represented major change from to the period The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen. The Second Industrial Revolution describes a later, somewhat less dramatic change that came about in the late 19th century with the widespread availability of electric power, internal combustion engines, and assembly lines to the already industrialized nations.
The industrial revolution had a great impact on Europe, especially when it comes to social and economic aspects, since they underwent a great change during the period. - The Industrial Revolution in Europe changed Europe to this day. This began in the United Kingdom in the s and expanded to Western Europe in the s. During the Industrial Revolution, this provided new technology, a surplus of food, trading and different ways of producing goods for countries.