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❶After the first period of the separation between the Catholic and the Protestant Churches that took place peacefully, there came a period of ruthless fights between the two. Renaissance has been known as an era in which Europe emerged from depression and economic stagnation…… [Read More].

Women of the Italian Renaissance Essay Sample

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He also has an over-active intellect that enables him to rationalize both the murderous instincts of people going against his own interests like Laertes, and as well as his own revulsion at murder, as when he foolishly…… [Read More]. Middle Ages and the Renaissance Are Two. Middle Ages and the Renaissance are two historical periods in Europe that give interest to many philosophers, writers, and artists, among many others, in their study of how the Europeans, in their respective periods, lived their lives.

In the study of the Middle Ages, sometimes also known as the "Dark Ages," and the Renaissance, also known as the period of "rebirth," similarities and differences can be presented based on the people's way of life, religion, culture, politics, arts and literature, and economy.

One main difference between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is the way people value individuality. The people of the Middle Ages were guided by the teachings of their religion and church, which in contrast to the Renaissance whose people adhere more of individualism, valuing their potential of gaining achievements in life.

Renaissance has been known as an era in which Europe emerged from depression and economic stagnation…… [Read More]. Antonio Canova was an Italian sculptor from Venice who lived from to He primarily worked in marble and believed that he could use that medium to render an artistic view of human flesh. He is most famous as someone who rejected the excesses and filigree of the Baroque to return to classical style, making him one of the foremost artists of the neoclassical style. For a number of years, Canova's work was considered to be the greatest example of European sculpture -- to the point that in , Canova was invited to Paris to carve marble portraits of the emperor Napoleon and family.

Most art critics find that the combination of returning to mythology and discreet eroticism that flowed out of the enaissance and into the modern era, without all the unnecessary frills of the Baroque, to be his greatest contribution to art. Biography Canova was born in…… [Read More]. Troubadours During the French Renaissance. Troubadours actually represent an example of that change in the social set up that signifies individualistic approach.

Troubadours represent the rejection of social locks on the ability of people to be romantically in love. Italian critic Mario Casella also attempted to note the significance of troubadours as a special development of Augustinian Philosophy of individualistic approach.

Silverstein, The troubadours dealt with varied important subjects like war, politics, personal satire and other subjects, yet the main theme of remained love and affection towards women. Most of the ladies for which the troubadours were sung, were married. Only some exceptional troubadours sang for maiden girls.

Thus, the concept of love touched through troubadours was conventional type and it rejected marriage as the major objective of love. Some of the genre of troubadours was very satirical and naughty in essence such as Alba, which is the song that is sung by a…… [Read More]. In particular, the story appeals to a wide array of diverse individuals, each with its own views on religion, culture and values. Through the universal appeal of David, many different interpretations have arisen throughout time.

These interpretations, although distinct, often convey a fundamental truth prevailing during the period of its creation. Aspects such as war, political policies, civil unrest, and culture values often matriculate into the interpretation of the David of Goliath. Art is no different in this regard. Both the Baroque and enaissance periods gave rise to new and distinct forms of belief and expression. These concepts ultimately matriculated into many of the more commonly know masterpieces of today's time.

Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Middle Ages and the Renaissance The Medici Family was the most powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th through the 17th century Medici pp.

This family produced three popes, numerous rulers of Florence, and eventually members of the French royalty Medici pp. From humble beginnings, the family achieved power through banking, in fact the Medici Bank was one of the most prosperous and respected banking institution in Europe, and it is from this base, that the family acquired political power, first in Florence, and then later throughout Italy and the rest of Europe Medici pp. Cosimo de Medici is considered to be the real founder of the family's fortune and in , he controlled the government in Florence, and for the next sixty years ruled Florence although he had no official title Medici1 pp.

His son, Lorenzo, was also a powerful influence in Italian politics, yet like his father,…… [Read More]. Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist. I stand pompous, extravagantly dressed, back to where I have always belonged. I may seem ostentatious now, with the artistic splendor I am bestowed with, more refined.

Yet it was at Venice where I found inner tranquility of being an artist. I shall paint now as my imaginations will sweep with the aura of nature around me and my skills shall gain more strength.

I will rejoice today to celebrate the liberty of an artist that I had experienced in Italian culture with the hope to awaken same liberation amongst natives of my land. I shall portray myself to depict the worth of a piece of art, the spectacle that a mere smear of color on canvas could create. I may seem imprudent to Nuremberg for here I stand now almost 26, still…… [Read More]. Carolingian Renaissance Was a Period. One of the major problems faced by Charlemagne in his efforts to extend the level of education was the fact that there were very few educated persons available to teach others.

Years of neglect had left the educational field with few individuals possessing the background necessary to teach others. By recruiting these scholars to his court, Charlemagne ensured that the full body of available knowledge would be made available to himself and his subjects. From this pool of scholars, Charlemagne built his program of learning and began slowly to establish his own body of Frankish scholars.

From this group, the future European learning environment would be built Einhard and the future of the European educational system would be ensured. The curriculum…… [Read More]. Cosimo De Medici e know all about the de Medici family - one of the most important dynastic families in Europe and in particular concerning the cultural and artistic life of Italy and so of the continent.

And yet, as Dale Kent makes clear in her authoritative and fascinating account of the family and in particular of the life of Cosimo De'Medici, we actually know less about the family than we think. Kent argues that common ideas - and common misconceptions -- about the De'Medicis reflect not only flawed knowledge about this family in particular but also more general flawed assumptions about their era and about prevailing attitudes of the time towards artistic patronage and indeed towards art.

Kent's book is as much an ethnographic exploration of the culture and society of fifteenth-century Florence as it is about Cosimo de'Medici himself - although in her telling the man and the…… [Read More]. Virgin and Child From Byzantium to Renaissance. Art The shift from Byzantine or Medieval art to the early Renaissance is perfectly demonstrated by examining the change in depictions of the Virgin Mary and the baby Jesus, or Madonna and Child, over time.

The painting is, in some sense, a highly stylized representation of a familiar image. The figures of mother and child do not really seem to exist in real space: Europen History What of the. The conflict evolved and his works burnt in ome, following the Pope's orders gave him the opportunity to extend his efforts of reformation over the entire Northern Europe.

His excommunication in led to the birth of a new church and the separation finally took place. Calvin, unlike Luther the monk, was a lawyer who came to Geneva to help in the reformation process. At first, his attempts failed, but after being forced to leave the city, he returned and his new philosophical views about the reformed church were accepted by Geneva that became the center of Protestantism in Europe. Was the religiously-framed warfare of the 16th and early 17th centuries avoidable, given the realities of that place and time?

After the first period of the separation between the Catholic and the Protestant Churches that took place peacefully, there came a period of ruthless fights between the two. Changing A Look at the. He is one of the few artists that were recognized for his work while he was still living. One of Michelangelo's most exquisite pieces is Pieta. In this sculpture, we can see how Michelangelo was moving away from the traditional form of sculpting. Creighton Gilbert notes that how Mary and Jesus are depicted in the statue is not typical of Michelangelo's day.

Mary is seated with the dead Jesus in her lap and this image "first emerged as an abbreviation of the scene of Christ mourned" Harold Keller maintains that the piece is filled with contrasts, horizontally and vertically. The position of Jesus' body is different from most pietas of the day in that it is horizontal, producing a "step-like composition based on the sharp right able between the corpse and the upper body of the Madonna towering…… [Read More].

Egyptian Civilizations Classical Greek or. As Amun, he also wears a flat-topped crown, which was his signature. The figure is carrying and ankh in one hand and a scimitar in the other which is laid across his chest. The gold represents the sun in ancient Egyptian culture, and so it is the only fitting Hellenistic period The Hellenistic period began in BC, after the death of one of ancient Greece's great heroes, Alexander the Great. Alexander had conquered vast expanses of the ancient world, which opened up great cultural influences on the people of Greece National Museum of Athens During this era, the people speak a multitude of different languages, and there are cultural influences from around the ancient world parading through the streets, which might I add, have all been recently paved.

The city itself looks strikingly similar to more modern day cities. The culture is ripe with artistic expression and acceptance. Your comparison focus artists period styles. The pair choose drawn period styles. The Artemision ronze vs. Donatello's bronze David While most people are inclined to look at the Italia Renaissance as being innovative and as bringing new concepts to society, the artistic movement actually inspired from Ancient Greece.

To a certain degree, one can consider the two movements to have had a similar effect in individuals living contemporary to them, considering that they both brought on artistic revolutions. The Artemision ronze and Donatello's bronze…… [Read More].

Cultural and Construction History of. Charles Van Doren has concluded that the Copernican Revolution is actually the Galilean Revolution because of the scale of change introduced by Galileo's work. The technological innovation of the Renaissance era started with the invention of the printing press the Renaissance.

Even though the printing press, a mechanical device for printing multiple copies of a text on sheets of paper, was first invented in China, it was reinvented in the West by a German goldsmith and eventual printer, Johann Gutenberg, in the s.

Before Gutenberg's invention, each part of metal type for printing presses had to be individually engraved by hand. Gutenberg developed molds that permitted for the mass production of individual pieces of metal type. This permitted a widespread use of movable type, where each character is a separate block, in mirror image, and these blocks are assembled into a frame to form text. Because of his molds, a…… [Read More]. Works Cited "Italian Renaissance -- History. Works Cited Johnson, Paul. Robert Appleton Company, Works Cited Friedlander, Walter.

Columbia University Press, Transformations in Art and Literature, Collection at a Glance. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U. Works Cited Hooker, Richard. Information Retrieved December 27, Italian Renaissance View Full Essay.

Art and the Will. Dramatists Play Service, Inc. Edward Albee's play connects only peripherally to the subject of science in the Italian Renaissance. But what is at its core is strikingly similar to what seems to be at the core of the debate between modern science and old religion: In the play, the main character tries to re-define love to include acts of bestiality. This does not go over well with his wife.

Through the consequent eruption, some revealing ideas are expressed pertaining to reason and a sort of primordial sense of right and wrong. Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Christian Classics Ethereal Library, This site gives Aquinas in full. Much time can be spent on the many details of the Summa, but for a cursory glance of his teachings, a smaller, portable volume would be helpful. For quick access to certain points, however, this web edition is perfect. Works Cited Botticelli, Sandro.

Emil Kren and Daniel Marx. Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved on 13 Nov. The story of Western culture. Works Cited Cameron, Euan.

Oxford University Press, The Heritage of World Civilizations. Renaissance and Other View Full Essay. Works Cited Bottecelli, Sandro.

Works Cited Guisepi, R. Accessed 3 November, Renaissance Society of America. Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance. Massachusetts; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Perceptions of beauty in Renaissance art. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 3 4 , Time, 27 , Lakeside Publishing Group, L. Style of Italian Art in the Renaissance, 1. The Renaissance in Northern Europe. Retrieved October 28, ,. Famous Artists of Italy n. Retrieved October 28, , from. Italian Renaissance Art n.

Retrieved October 28, , from http: The Triumph of Galatea. Madonna of the Goldfinch by Raphael. What is a Cartoon? Retrieved July 26, , from http: Body, Identity, and Narrative in Titian's Paintings. Retrieved from Wittenberg University website: Renaissance Art View Full Essay.

Reference Brown, Beverly Louise. Royal Academy of the Arts, Clothing in Renaissance View Full Essay. A Survey of the Western Humanities, Volume 1. Cengage Learning, 1 Jan "3 Davids, 3 Theologies: World and I; Date: Renaissance and Baroque View Full Essay. Retrieved October 31, from The History Channel website: Retrieved November 1, from Encyclopaedia Britannica website: Retrieved October 31, from The Khan.

Renaissance the Emergence of the View Full Essay. The Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas available at http: Italian Humanists on Government and Society Bibliography Acidini, Luchinat Cristina. This was the favorite piece of art during the renaissance. That is simply because the arts during that time created reality and revealed passion on the face of the arts. The painters used baroque sculptures to bring out their concept of religion.

This piece of art had a great significance to religion because the church used the arts in decorations to show the glory of heaven. The renaissance era will remain a remarkable time in the European calendar and the entire world Butler, Adventures in the Human Spirit.

Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Recent Posts Sample Scholarship Essay However, in the late 13th and early 14th centuries before the rise of Renaissance humanism, a number of masterpieces in the vernacular catalyzed the transition of Italy from a cultural backwater to the leader of European culture.

Petrarch became the second great figure of Italian vernacular literature through poems capturing the attention of both refined courtly society and the common people. The master of the Italian sonnet, Petrarch is best remembered for his highly personal and subjective love poetry, most notably the Canzoniere, a collection of sonnets addressed to his unrequited love, Laura.

His work was heightened by motifs reflecting everyday life, including satire against corrupt clergymen, amusing treatment of human idiosyncrasies, and tales of marital infidelity. Unfortunately the trend toward classical humanism in the first half of the 15th century temporarily stifled the germination of the vernacular tradition, which deterrence was removed by the major revival of the vernacular in the second half of that century.

Lorenzo was a lyric poet of great ability who set the stylistic parameters for both secular and religious poetry in the vernacular. The Florentine Petrarchan tradition experienced great development under the Venetian cleric Pietro Bembo, a leader in the movement attempting to restore the purity of the Latin language embodied in Cicero, when he embraced its highly refined sentiment and technical mastery of intricate verse forms for his Italian poetry.

Popular literature of a less aristocratic flavor often applied French chivalric and courtly themes to Italian characters. Recasting the French heroic knight into the Italian Orlando, Italian courtiers such as Luigi Pulci —84 adapted this material for consciously humorous verse. Medieval French chivalric themes were discussed more seriously in the poem Orlando innamorato Orlando in Love by Matteo Boiardo —94 , a noble at the refined court of the dukes of Ferrara who invented a new style integrating humanistic classical topics with medieval chivalric interests.

Although The Prince is notorious for its advocacy of political self-seeking through deceitful tactics, Machiavelli regarded a balanced republican government, typified by Rome, as the best and most durable form of government and trusted the public spirit and wisdom of the common citizens more than that of princes and aristocrats. In the artistic sphere, Giotto di Bondone — took the first steps toward the Renaissance, completely forsaking the flat and nonrepresentational appearance of the prevailing Byzantine art in favor of the illusion of three-dimensional form on the twodimensional painted surface.

The Renaissance style in sculpture was created by Donatello — , who assimilated the basic principles of ancient sculpture, such as contrapposto with weight shifted to one leg and the unsupported nude, into a framework creating the appearance of movement and furnishing accurate anatomical structure of his figures.

Michelangelo Buonarroti — brought this style to maturity with sculptures independent of any surrounding architectural support, including the David and the marble figures he carved for the tomb of Pope Julius II at Rome and for the tombs of the Medici family at Florence. His spectacular frescoes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel stand as perhaps the single greatest work of High Renaissance painting, and his redesigning of St. Two other Florentine-trained artists, Leonardo da Vinci — and Raphael Sanzio — , further defined the High Renaissance style.

He experimented greatly with new paints even at the expense of the traditional fresco style, seen most prominently in The Last Supper.

Intensely interested in studying the human personality and portraying it on canvas, Leonardo attempted to capture the fragile, fleeting, and illusive qualities of human facial expressions in his Mona Lisa and Virgin and Child with St. His plans and sketches proved greatly significant for architecture, as they constitute the blueprints for buildings later erected by his friend Bramante — Furnishing inspiration in architecture as well as in literature, the ideals of classical antiquity experienced restoration in the work of Filippo Brunelleschi — and Leon Battista Alberti — Further he is renowned for his discovery of the mathematical rules of perspective and his innovations in shape, seen most clearly in the octagonally designed dome base for the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence.

Alberti revitalized the ancient brick architecture of Roman times, as portrayed by his San Andrea church in Mantua, and established the Renaissance standard use of flat roofs, overhanging cornices, and prominent horizontal lines.

Ironically 15th century music saw little advancement and primarily continued in the genres conceived by Francesco Landini —97 , who despite his blindness from childhood became a leading composer and music theorist.

Italian Renaissance church music reached its zenith during the 16th century in the works of Giovanni da Palestrina —94 , choirmaster of St. Typified by the Agnus Dei from his Pope Marcellus Mass, Palestrina achieved a stunning sense of serenity in his works through balance, purity, and arrangement of texts that made the words clearly understandable during performance.

With the free exchange of scholars and students between European universities and political exploits, such as the French invasion of Italy in , which brought new contact between cultural elements, Italian concepts and discoveries were reaching into the rest of the Continent by the late 15th and early 16th centuries.

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- • The Renaissance was a rebirth that took place throughout Europe, it was started in Italy because of three advantages: thriving cities, a wealthy merchant class, and the .

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The Italian Renaissance was one of the most colorful, vital, and exciting times in history. Renaissance eventually comes from the French word "Renaistre," meaning "to be born again." The Renaissance was a revival or a rebirth of cultural awareness and learning among art, law, language, literature, philosophy, science, and mathematics.

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The Renaissance applies to Italian art and architecture of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Renaissance is a French word-meaning rebirth. The Renaissance was the revival or cultural awareness among art, law, language, literature, philosophy, science /5(5). The most brilliant example of Italian prose in the High Renaissance (the early 16th century) is the work of Niccolò Machiavelli (–) on politics and history. His two principal books, The Prince and Discourses on the First Ten Books on Titus Livius, drew heavily on the author’s firsthand experience as a leading Florentine diplomat and civil .

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The Italian Renaissance Essay Words | 4 Pages The Italian Renaissance Throughout history many art movements have emerged that artists and styles are classified under. Women of the Italian Renaissance Essay Sample. This essay deals with some of the different ways in which women have been represented in Italian Renaissance. It attempts to place these images of women within the cultural context of the artist who painted them and of the patrons who commissioned them.