However individuals perceive animals, the fact remains that animals are being exploited by research facilities and cosmetics companies all across the country and all around the world. Although humans often benefit from successful animal research, the pain, the suffering, and the deaths of animals are not worth the possible human benefits.
Therefore, animals should not be used in research or to test the safety of products. First, animals' rights are violated when they are used in research. This inherent value is not respected when animals are reduced to being mere tools in a scientific experiment" qtd. Animals and people are alike in many ways; they both feel, think, behave, and experience pain. Thus, animals should be treated with the same respect as humans. Yet animals' rights are violated when they are used in research because they are not given a choice.
Animals are subjected to tests that are often painful or cause permanent damage or death, and they are never given the option of not participating in the experiment. Regan further says, for example, that "animal [experimentation] is morally wrong no matter how much humans may benefit because the animal's basic right has been infringed.
Risks are not morally transferable to those who do not choose to take them" qtd. Animals do not willingly sacrifice themselves for the advancement of human welfare and new technology.
Their decisions are made for them because they cannot vocalize their own preferences and choices. When humans decide the fate of animals in research environments, the animals' rights are taken away without any thought of their well-being or the quality of their lives. Therefore, animal experimentation should be stopped because it violates the rights of animals.
Next, the pain and suffering that experimental animals are subject to is not worth any possible benefits to humans. Animals feel pain in many of the same ways that humans do; in fact, their reactions to pain are virtually identical both humans and animals scream, for example. When animals are used for product toxicity testing or laboratory research, they are subjected to painful and frequently deadly experiments.
Two of the most commonly used toxicity tests are the Draize test and the LD50 test, both of which are infamous for the intense pain and suffering they inflect upon experimental animals. In the Draize test the substance or product being tested is placed in the eyes of an animal generally a rabbit is used for this test ; then the animal is monitored for damage to the cornea and other tissues in and near the eye. This test is intensely painful for the animal, and blindness, scarring, and death are generally the end results.
The Draize test has been criticized for being unreliable and a needless waste of animal life. The LD50 test is used to test the dosage of a substance that is necessary to cause death in fifty percent of the animal subjects within a certain amount of time. To perform this test, the researchers hook the animals up to tubes that pump huge amounts of the test product into their stomachs until they die.
This test is extremely painful to the animals because death can take days or even weeks. Research using animals has contributed to 70 per cent of Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine. No No animal model is ever perfect and there are still many differences between model organisms and humans. The reason that some medicines do not make it to market is that despite passing tests in animals they then fail in humans.
Some people will say that that animals have not been as critical to medicine as is generally claimed. Yes The use of animals in research is essential for enabling researchers to develop new drugs and treatments. Alternative methods of research do not simulate humans and whole body systems in the same way and are not as reliable.
No Many animals are used for experiments and then killed. It is expensive to use model organisms as the animals must be purchased and then fed, housed and cared for. Some people will consider using animals in the lab to be immoral. Are animal experiments necessary?
Legally, all drugs have to be tested on animals for safety before they can be used in humans. Where there are reliable alternatives in scientific research, animals are not used. Through testing on animals we are able to ensure any risks of a drug are identified and minimised before it is tested on humans during clinical trials.
This helps to reduce side effects and human fatalities. Is it ethical to use animals in research? Yes The UK has gone further than any other country to implement thorough ethical frameworks when it comes to animals in research. The Animals Act of ensures that any research using animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals.
This involves detailed examination of the procedures and the number and type of animals used. The use of animals in research is never undertaken lightly. Researchers working with animals carry out their experiments with extreme care to eliminate or minimise suffering. Animals suffer from similar diseases to humans including cancers, TB, flu and asthma. All veterinary research has relied on the use of animal research. While non-animal methods play an important part of biomedical research, they cannot replace all use of animals.
In vitro methods, such as cell cultures, and computer modelling play an important part complementing data from animal models. Many veterinary medicines are the same as those used for human patients: Modern anaesthetics, the tetanus vaccine, penicillin and insulin all relied on animal research in their development. Modern surgical techniques including hip replacement surgery, kidney transplants, heart transplants and blood transfusions were all perfected in animals.
Medical Examples Thanks to animal research, primarily in mice, cancer survival rates have continued to rise.
Herceptin — a humanised mouse protein — has helped to increase the survival rate of those with breast cancer; it could not have been attained without animal research in mice. While Fleming discovered penicillin without using animals, he shared the Nobel Prize with Florey and Chain who, by testing it on mice, discovered how penicillin could be used to fight infections inside the body.
Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research. The approximately million people in the United States keep about million dogs and cats as pets. More than 5 billion animals are killed in the United States each year as a source of food.
Why Animals are Used. Animals are used in research when there is a need to find out what happens in the whole, living body, which is far more complex than the sum of its parts. It is difficult, and in most cases simply not yet possible, to replace the use of living animals in research with alternative methods.
Should animals be used in research? Animals, from the fruit fly to the mouse, are widely used in scientific research. They are crucial for allowing scientists to learn more about human biology and health, and for developing new medicines. Relatively few animals are used in research, which is a small price to pay for advancing medical progress. People in the United States eat 9 billion chickens and million cattle, pigs and sheep annually, yet we only use around 26 million animals for research, 95% of which are rodents, birds and fish.
Should Animals be used in Laboratory Research? Every year millions of animals are used as human food, in human sports for fun, to make clothing and to make test cosmetics, drugs, new-found treatments, and chemicals on humans. Jun 04, · Should animals be used for research? So, why animals should be used for it? They are endangered. The testing of cosmetics is also held upon animals; the components of cosmetic tools can cause irritation, burn, inflammation and other complications. We live in a modern world, where the computers and other techniques are the main part of our /5(21).