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Sources of Long-Term Finance

Factors determining Long term Finance Requirements:

❶Dividend earnings are exempted from tax in the hands of investors.

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Purpose of Long Term Finance:

For lenders, these are a type of fixed-income investment. Think of it as a loan between your company and an investor that agrees to give you a specific amount of money in exchange for interest payments. Long-term sources of finance also include venture capital. This type of funding is usually provided by investors to small companies with a long-term growth potential. If you're just starting a business, you can invest venture capital of your own. However, it may not be enough to cover your expenses in the long run.

The downside is that all the money may be lost if your business fails. Companies looking to expand their operations or invest in new equipment can also opt for equity financing. This allows them to raise capital by selling shares. The process is regulated by local or national securities authorities. Their role is to protect the investors from business owners who may disappear with their money. Each share represents a unit of ownership of your company.

The more shares you issue, the smaller your ownership is in the organization and the less control you have. Equity is decreased by losses and withdrawals. Every time you make investments, it increases.

Additionally, the investment can be made by your family or friends as well as by wealthy individuals who may decide not to get involved in the management of your business. The trick is to choose the right alternative as per the situation. Also Read Related Articles: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Sources of Short-Term and Long-Term Financing for Working Capital A constant flow of working capital is an intrinsic component of a successful business. Short Term Financing Banks can be an invaluable source of short term working capital finance. Selling Goods on Installment: Long-Term Financing Relying purely on short-term funds to meet working capital needs is not always prudent, especially for industries where the manufacture of the product itself takes a long time: Long-Term Loan from a Bank: Issue Equities and Debentures: Finance and Accounting Tips for Small Businesses.

Please enter your comment! Please enter your name here. You have entered an incorrect email address! Applications of Java Programming Language March 2, Our services and solutions enable businesses to accelerate their operations, slash costs and drive growth. Short term finances are available in the form of:.

Sources of finances are classified based on ownership and control over the business. These two parameters are an important consideration while selecting a source of funds for the business. Whenever we bring in capital, there are two types of costs — one is the interest and another is sharing ownership and control. Some entrepreneurs may not like to dilute their ownership rights in the business and others may believe in sharing the risk. Owned capital also refers to equity capital.

It is sourced from promoters of the company or from the general public by issuing new equity shares. Promoters start the business by bringing in the required capital for a startup.

Following are the sources of Owned Capital:. Further, when the business grows and internal accruals like profits of the company are not enough to satisfy financing requirements, the promoters have a choice of selecting ownership capital or non-ownership capital. This decision is up to the promoters. Still, to discuss, certain advantages of equity capital are as follows:. Borrowed or debt capital is the capital arranged from outside sources.

These sources of debt financing include the following:. In this type of capital, the borrower has a charge on the assets of the business which means the company will pay the borrower by selling the assets in case of liquidation. Another feature of borrowed capital is regular payment of fixed interest and repayment of capital. Certain advantages of borrowing capital are as follows:. Based on the source of generation, the following are the internal and external sources of finance: The internal source of capital is the capital which is generated internally by the business.

These are as follows:. The internal source of funds has the same characteristics of owned capital. The best part of the internal sourcing of capital is that the business grows by itself and does not depend on outside parties. Disadvantages of both equity capital and debt capital are not present in this form of financing.

Apart from the internal sources of funds, all the sources are external sources of capital.

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Long-Term Sources of Finance. Long-term financing means capital requirements for a period of more than 5 years to 10, 15, 20 years or maybe more depending on other factors. Capital expenditures in fixed assets like plant and machinery, land and building etc of a business are funded using long-term sources of finance.

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Long-term Sources of Finance in Financial Management Long term Sources of Finance Long-term Financing involves long-term debts and financial obligations on a business which last for a period of more than a year, usually 5 to 10 years.

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Depending on your business type and size, there are various long-term sources of finance available. These include: Equity shares; Preference shares; Venture funding; Term loans; Bonds and debentures; Retained earnings; Deferred credit; Term loans, for instance, can be provided by the government, banks or lending institutions. Long-term financing is the use of credit with a maturity date of over a year. Long-term financing is often needed to finance business expansions or for the purchase of capital assets, such as land, factories and equipment.

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Sources of Long Term Finance Definition: The Sources of Long Term Finance are those sources from where the funds are raised for a longer period of time, usually more than a year. Long term financing is required for modernization, expansion, diversification and development of business operations. MODULE -4 Business Finance Business S tudies 29 Notes In the previous lesson you learnt about the various methods of raising long-term finance. Normally the methods of raising finance are also termed as the sources of finance. But, as a matter of fact the methods refer only to the forms in which the.