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Using literary quotations

Incorporating Quotations

❶The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. The sculptures seem to depict not only the physical struggle between man and beast, but the metaphorical struggle between the ruling class and their subjects Dawson ; Huges ; Dobson

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How do I incorporate quotes into my essay?
How to Cite
Punctuating and Indenting Quotations

Quote as infrequently as possible. As a rule of thumb, refrain from using more than 2 quotes in any essay. One in the introductory paragraph and the other if necessary in the conclusion. The last thing you would want is get your score cancelled on account of plagiarism. You should place the quote in double quotation marks. Here is an example usage citing the author:. This may sound crazy because giving out the questions in advance is not normal.

Now, use this to your advantage. Well, there are close to topics in all — far too many to practice responses in advance. Also, practicing each of these topics is not advisable as it is going to take a lot of time and effort and there is no point in mugging them up.

You could as well spend this time on learning some math. Just scanning through these two lists will give you an excellent idea of the types of issues and arguments that show up on test day.

I just made things a bit easy for you, though. Most of the topics that show up on the GRE essay section can be broadly grouped into five categories. So, next time when you practice writing an essay response, make sure you write at least one essay from each of these categories. And memorize a few quotes related to each one of these topics, as they will be handy.

Bookmark this page NOW for future reference. The following quotes from great thinkers have been selected based on their relevance to common GRE essay topics and for their ease of usage.

Now, these are a handful of quotes. While practicing, you may look at the list of quotes found above however, if you can remember a specific quote apposite to your essay topic, try to use it — one quote for every essay. For those avid writers, who believe the number of quotes above are too low, we have the right tool for you. Ellipsoid created a random quote generator tool that draws 5 famous quotes from Goodreads every time you reload the page.

The good news is these 5 quotes are always theme based so you know where to use them. If you are going to put in the time to practice writing essays, might as well maximize the score you could get by deploying a quote in your essays. If so, subscribe to updates and receive exclusive weekly GRE resources and tips.

Yes, it is rather difficult to remember all the 21 quotes, which is why we asked you to pick a few of your favorite ones from the list. Plus, the only way you can remember these quotes is by using them while you practice AWA essays. I personally memorize the ones that can be useful in more than one topic, and as said learn the ones you like most. Quote number 5… oh, Albert. You make my bricks fall off. As to you, Mr. Take a look at this sample paragraph. It includes 3 basic kinds of materials:.

The quotations are used in accordance with the writer's purpose, i. Ramsey's feelings indicates something about her personality. You can also refer to textual data, summarize, and paraphrase. You will often want merely to refer or point to passages as in the third sentence in the sample paragraph that contribute to your argument.

In other cases you will want to paraphrase, i. Summarize or paraphrase when it is not so much the language of the text that justifies your position, but the substance or content. Similarly, after you have decided that you do want to use material in quoted form, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point. Think of the text in terms of units--words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences paragraphs, stanzas --and use only the units you need.

If it is particular words or phrases that "prove" your point, you do not need to quote the sentences they appear in; rather, incorporate the words and phrases into sentences expressing your own ideas. Introduce a quotation either by indicating what it is intended to show or by naming its source, or both. For non-narrative poetry, it's customary to attribute quotations to "the speaker"; for a story with a narrator, to "the narrator.

Tense is a tricky issue. It's customary in literary analysis to use the present tense; it is at the present time that you and your reader are looking at the text. But events in a narrative or drama take place in a time sequence. You will often need to use a past tense to refer to events that took place before the moment you are presently discussing:. Follow your course instructor's guidelines for documenting sources.

Cite long prose quotations. In MLA formatting, long quotations are known to be anything that has more than four lines of prose or three lines of poetry. If you come across one of these, then you'll have to put the quote in free-standing blocks of text, and not use quotation marks. You can introduce the quote with a line of text and a colon, only indenting the first line of the quote by one inch from the left, while sticking to double spacing. You can end the quote with punctuation, and then use the author's last name and page number in parentheses after the quote.

The short story, "The Things They Carried," lists the items carried by soldiers in the Vietnam war to both characterize them and burden the readers with the weight they are carrying: The things they carried were largely determined by necessity.

Among the necessities or near-necessities were P can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water. O'Brien, 2 When you're citing two or more paragraphs, you'll have to use block quotes, even if each passage from the paragraphs is less than four lines long.

You should indent the first line of each of the paragraphs an extra quarter inch. Use ellipses … at the end of one paragraph to transition to the next. If you want to cite a poem, or part of one, then you should keep the original formatting of the lines to convey the original meaning. Here's how you can do it: This lonely afternoon of memories And missed desires, while the wintry rain Unspeakable, the distance in the mind! Runs on the standing windows and away. Add or omit words in quotations.

This is also useful when you need to slightly change the meaning of the quote to help the context of your essay, or when you want to omit some information that isn't relevant to the points you want to make.

Here are some examples of how to put the quote in your essay in both cases: Use brackets [ and ] to "write in" your own information to help readers in the context of a quote: Mary Hodges, a twentieth-century realist writer of short stories, once wrote, "Many women [who write stories] feel like they are somehow inferior to novelists, but that should not be the case" Use ellipses … to omit any parts of a quote that isn't necessary for your essay.

Smith believes that many Ivy League students "feel that teaching isn't as ambitious a profession…as banking" Cite quotes with multiple authors. If you want to cite a quote that has more than one author, then you'll have to separate the names by commas and the word "and". Here's how it will look: Many studies find that MFA programs "are the single biggest factor for helping first-time writers publish their work" Clarke, Owen, and Kamoe Cite quotes from the Internet.

It can be tricky to cite quotes form the Internet because you won't be able to find page numbers. Still, you should try to find out as much information as you can, such as the author, the year, or the name of the essay or article. Here are two examples: One online film critic said that Trust was "the single-most embarrassing film produced in Canada within the last decade" Jenkins, "Blame Canada!

Wedding guru Rachel Seaton stated in her well-regarded blog that "Every woman is a bridezilla at heart" , "Godzilla in a Tux. To cite a short quote under 40 words in APA formatting, you'll just have to make sure to include the author's last name, the year, and the page number along with "p.

Here are some examples of different ways to do this: McKinney found that, " adults who did yoga at least three times a week were found to have lower blood pressure, better sleeping patterns, and fewer everyday frustrations" , p. She also said, "Yoga is far superior to running or biking, in terms of stress relief" McKinney, , p.

Cite a long quotations. To cite a long quote in APA formatting, you'll have to place the quote in a free-standing block.

Maintain double spacing throughout the quote, citing it afterward in parentheses after the final punctuation. The same rule applies here as for shorter quotes -- you'll have to cite the author, year, and page somewhere, whether it's in the introduction or in the body of the quote.

High school English teachers who practiced minutes of yoga per week over the course of a month were able to build better relationships with their students, feel more empathy towards their students and coworkers, feel less stress about grading and other daily tasks, and to even find new meaning in the same novels they had been teaching for many years. If you're paraphrasing a quote in APA style, then you should refer to the author and the year of publication, as well as the page number that you are paraphrasing from.

Here's what you can do: McKinney believes that yoga is a form of therapy, both physical and mental , p. According to McKinney, yoga should be mandatory in all public schools , p.

When you're citing from the Internet, you're just going to have to do the best you can to find the name of the author, the date, and the paragraph number instead of the page. When you don't have the name of the author, use the name of the article instead.

If there is no date, write "n. Another study found that extra help after school was invaluable in student success "Students and Tutoring," n. Paraphrase important information that does not need direct quotation. Paraphrasing is a common form of quotation in fields that use the Chicago manual.

According to trace isotope analysis conducted by Jenkins, the materials come from the Andes mountains , Throughout her analysis, Jenkins argues that the material is indicative of cross-cultural contact between coastal and mountain peoples Trace isotope analysis further revealed that, "the materials can be traced back to the Andes mountains," Jenkins , Cite a long quotations in a block.

As with APA formatting, using the Chicago Manual you need to place quotations longer than lines in a free-standing block.

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If you have decided to use a long quotation, consider paraphrasing, as it usually works better. But, there is a flip side to paraphrasing too. Instead of the paraphrase, if you use a direct quotation, you will avoid misrepresentation. As you can see, the decision of using a long quotation is not trivial. Once again, it is your judgment call.

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Use a colon at the end of the phrase that leads to the quote. Begin the quote on a new line, indent the entire quote one inch farther than the body of your text and do not use quotation marks. Additions and Deletions. A quote must be the source's exact words, but sometimes you .

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Prose or verse quotations less than four lines long are not indented. For quotations of this length, use the patterns described above. Indent "longer" quotations in a block about ten spaces in from the left margin; when a quotation is indented, quotation marks are not used. HOW TO USE QUOTES IN A RESEARCH PAPER (See section on rules for parenthetical references in this book.) Identifying Sources in the Body of Your Paper.

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Beginning an essay with a famous or eloquent quotation is a common practice and one that business school candidates can use to capture a reader’s attention. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines (some sources say five), then set it .