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Scientific Method of Research essay

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After formulating a hypothesis the scientific method of research requires that it must be rigorously tested. While testing your prediction on a given research subject matter it is required that a researcher cannot "prove" his hypothesis but can only fail to "disapprove" it Barrow Cooper says that in a scientific research method, it is required that predictions in a hypothesis to be eliminated if they continuously contradict with experimental results.

Cooper further states that "while formulating a hypothesis a researcher must ensure that it is both testable and quantitative". Locating resources forms a critical component of a scientific method of research and it involves gathering of information or materials that the research intend to use.

A better research question depends on the number of research materials one has Gall According to Cooper the following are some of the factors should be considered when locating sources or gathering information: What you know about the research question Addition information that will help in the research How to use different sources of information to get the required information Resources available money, facilities, equipments, people etc Gall explains research planning as a component of a scientific method of research that involves developing a specific plan on how the research is going to be carried out.

The plan or procedure laid dowwn must be clear and precise so that another person can follow it accurately. According to Gall , the following factors should be put into consideration when developing a research plan: Method of testing hypothesis Type of data to be collected and method to be employed Equipments or supplies that are required Reference point for data comparison Tests, sample or sites required Time plan 6.

Collecting, organizing and interpreting data: All data that affect the research question should be collected and written down.

Relevancy and objectivity are major consideration that researchers need to take into account when collecting data. Organizing data involves comparing and contrasting the information gathered from a research.

Data collected should posses the following characteristics: Data interpretation and drawing conclusion: This involves critical evaluation of data collected and deciding the conclusion that is required to be drawn.

This requires a researcher to consider other alternative hypotheses that might explain the results obtained. The effect of sampling and data collection techniques on the results must also be considered. The researcher should also evaluate to what extend the results have answered the research question and how the results compare with the hypothesis what was anticipated to happen. A case study of rice productivity in West Africa based on panel data analysis. The law of universal attraction with momentum exchange between objects and microparticles.

Nutritional potential of two leafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatas leaves. Influence of post-fire successional gradients in Pinus brutia forests on ground beetle community changes. Asymmetry and pattern polarization of digital dermal ridges among the Ogoni people of Nigeria. Impact assessment of water scarcity at Somntongo in the lowveld region of Swaziland.

Scientific Research and Essays Abbreviation: Probabilistic seismic assessment of arch dams in Turkey August - Vol 13 Num. Using your roadmap thesis, you will next start writing your outline, including the evidence from your reading to prove each of your reasons for nanotechnology being a benefit to medicine. Once you have your outline, you are ready to write. Don't forget to conclude with something which interests your reader and doesn't just repeat your topic sentence. In this case, you might want to have your reader imagine the change that will happen when they go to the doctor in Steps in Writing a Research Paper: Which research topic on Sickle cell disease can I write about?

What is the best statistical analysis for measuring wage inequalities between men and women? How will mathematical methods of studying complex biological networks be important in the future? What about these questions for a research paper: A research paper which is seeking to explain the symptoms of a disease, or the progression of a disease can be done with a question like, "How does name the disease affect the body?

However, that sort of descriptive paper is not really a research paper that investigates a question about a disease or health condition which does not have an already-agreed-upon answer. The second question, "What causes Lupus? Since Lupus is an auto-immune disease and since there is still research being done to understand all of the causes, that question would work well.

Here are some other research questions which can be used for a health condition:. Do alternative therapies you could name a specific one really work for disease or condition? The most crucial first step is understanding what is required by your instructor or mentor.

Look at all of the instructions you have been given, and ask questions if you don't understand. Write out those instructions for yourself in your own words and then show them to your instructor to see if you are correct in your understanding. After you are sure you understand, you need to pick a topic for researching. To do that, you will need to look at my lists here and in other articles I've written.

After you have chosen a topic area, you will need to look up the research that has already been done on that topic. If your project needs to be original, you must also be careful to understand all of the research which has been done previously to make sure you are not repeating what has been done by someone else.

There must be something new that you are contributing to science. However, for some projects in lower levels of learning of high school and undergraduate education, it is all right to repeat or summarize the projects of others. Now that you have gathered the information on your topic, read it carefully and take notes. Use those notes to formulate your thesis question. After you have your question, you can then write a thesis answer.

If you are doing an actual science project, then you will have to devise an experiment to test that question. If you are doing a written essay based on the research writing of others, you can write your answers to the question based on what you have read in your literature search.

Use my information about how to write a research paper to help you finish your project. What are the possibilities of using 3-D printing of cells and molecules to solve medical problems? Is there any research topic related to finance and marketing? A significant portion of our lives are devoted to earning money, but I'd also like a topic that talks about how finance helps run the world and improve our lives.

You are correct that no science project is useful unless it is eventually developed into a product and marketed widely. That will involve getting financing and a company to do that marketing. Here are some topics related to that:.

How can marketing be used to help the world to run better and use new technologies more effectively? What are the best topics for animal health mainly cattle, goats and poultry for an undergraduate animal science student? How can we improve the dairy cattle health in developing nations you can pick a particular nation if you want? You can find more health topics in this article: Will high voltage DC work for reducing transmission losses? How important will this be? What is the most economically feasible renewable energy choice for India?

At the bottom of the following article are many other suggestions along with research article links to help you write your paper:. You can read a lot of different topics that are science on this article. Here are some other articles with science topic ideas:. Which questions about neuroscience could I consider as possible topics for a scientific research paper?

What is the difference in quality between free-range chickens and conventionally-raised poultry? I'm an 11th grade Stem student, and I would like to research an insect biology entomology for a project using specimens. Do you have some ideas? If you want to use specimens, you should probably work with the types of insects you are most able to collect in your area. Typically, students enjoy researching insects that are either interesting or beautiful. Butterflies and beetles make particularly good specimens to collect because they are large and plentiful in the spring.

You can identify them down to the species and also compare different specimens from the same species. Another exciting project would be to take a specific geographic area and catch as many different insects as you can to then examine the variety of species in that limited area. You could also compare the species you find in an undisturbed wildlife area with one in a nearby neighborhood that has human activity. Here are some research questions to get you started:. What is the difference in the quantity and variety of insects between an undisturbed area and one disturbed by human activity?

As I understand it, many people do not follow the doctor's instructions for taking medicine which makes this an interesting topic. Here are some other ways to word this:. How can we better make people aware of the importance of taking medicines as prescribed? When animals are slaughtered, what procedures can cause high levels of bacteria contamination? You can do a variety of papers on the topic of skin care, or on the idea of using unusual treatments. Here are some topic examples:.

Action research is a seven-step process which is done to help teachers focus, clarify, and quantify their changes during the instructional process.

Which topic you choose depends on the subject you are teaching, but here are some good action research questions:. This article and some of my other articles include topics on "Medicine" or "Health. However, I will add a few here:.

How will the new urine test that measures how much our body has aged be able to help us have better health? What do you think of the research paper topic, "What is the relevance of mathematics to learning physics"? I think that the word you should focus on would be "importance" rather than "relevance," because I believe the issue behind your question is that people do not believe that mathematics is important in physics.

As a matter of fact, my son an engineering student found that his physics courses in high school actually were the most helpful courses he had to prepare him for his college mathematics courses. Here are some other topic questions related to this one:. Generally, I tell my students to narrow their choice to two or three topic questions that interest them the most.

Then start reading about those topics by doing a Google search to find out just a little bit more about them. Find out what are the possible answers for that question and see how hard it is to get information on that topic.

The easiest paper to write will be:. I'm a grade 9 student and preparing for my grade 10 research project. What topic would you suggest? Here are some easier topics for high school students. I think doing one in "health" is probably the easiest:.

Technology and Science Topics: I have a variety of science fair projects for students grades 5 through high school. Here is the article which gives links to many of them: There are many significant technological advances you could write about. Here are a few you might want to research:. Exploratory Topics see Energy and Environment section https: How is studying the microbiome of the planet going to be important to environmental studies?

Can changing their microbiome help people overcome problems of stress, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder? Additionally, I've written several articles on Alzheimer's and dementia that you might want to look at, you can find them by Googling "Alzheimer's" and "VirginiaLynne on HealDove". Can you recommend any research topics in relation to physics, biology, chemistry and earth sciences that can be written about easily, and are suitable for us senior high school students?

Any of the topics in my articles are certainly ones that senior high school students could do in a research essay. What would be a good research question or problem associated with teaching middle school science? In teaching middle school science, you want an experiment that gives important results, but also is not too difficult to do or expensive. My middle school children have done several experiments that I have explained on this website:.

Floral Preservative Analysis after my daughter did this experiment, I saw that someone had done it at the California State Science Fair also: Any question that has a variety of answers can make an interesting research paper in science.

I recently read of some new evidence that is causing scientists to push the boundaries of this idea of the age of our universe. Here are some other topic questions that are similar:.

Biology students should choose questions on the life sciences, environmental issues or health issues. You can also look at the genetics topics in this article: For a science competition, you may want to check out some of my science fair articles. Here is an article that has links to a lot of them: For a science competition like a science fair, I suggest you consider some of the topics below:. How does salt affect germination of seeds? There are many topics about Biology on this list, but you can also see my Technology List: How can scientists and doctors best counter social media "challenges" like the Tide pod challenge and "cinnamon challenge"?

Should federal funding in the U. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Sure Kayla, you can find different topic ideas in my article here: I wanted to write a research about human psychology. Would you mind to help me? Can you give me some topics that would be helpful to me?

Hi Alex, you could research about the ecology of mangroves, how they are being affected by rising seas, or what is being done to preserve them. Hi Margaux, I have many more articles with research ideas.

Some of them involve questions that you can research online and others could be questions you could do with your campus peers. I would suggest that you look carefully through my profile to find the other articles. I'm sure you can find a project that would work for your purposes! I had an experience with true experimental research last year, but then it failed because my sampling method was off.

Can you recommend any more topics that I may use? That can involve students within our campus for data collection. For a science journal, you need to record the date, the information you get from a source and the bibliographical information. Generally, I suggest that students write a short summary of the information they get from a source and then their response to that information, which can include what they learned, what questions the information made you think about, and what you thought was useful or important.

This real helped me I was looking for topics for my research paper for days. Hi Gloria, there are some life science samples in the topics above.

Here are a couple more:. I haven't tried doing science research but I want to try. I am interested on life science. Could you give me some samples? I love all the topics. All of it are interesting. Well, i need something for my research that the output will be tangible or can be use by others. Thanks for the help. Hi Katie--I'd start with an example of when the physics of motion is helpful, or used, or happens in daily life. To decide which sort of motion to research, I'd go to some physics websites or even Wikipedia and look up the different kinds and see which one you find most interesting, or which one you think you could find the most information about.

Sometimes, I suggest that before choosing a topic that students do some preliminary research, looking for information. If you can't find anything useful in 30 minutes or so, you should probably choose another topic. I'm doing a page research paper on physics of motion. I have no idea what section of motion I'm going to be discussing, I also need some advice there. Hi Mega Sai, It would be a good idea for you to look at my other articles about how to write research papers and argument papers.

Hi Katie--You might want to look at my article on Technology topics because that has information about physical science topics. If you are working on Creationism, you might want to see my article about "Can Christians believe in Evolution? Marley, you have a good idea about endangered animals.

Here are some samples: How do we best save endangered animals? Or you can pick a specific one to talk about. How do we balance the interests of people and animals on our planet? Does buying up land and setting it aside as a nature refuge work to save endangered animals? Does Ecotourism help save endangered animals? Maybe topics about endangered animals?

Those are very interesting to me and other people. Sure Samantha, although I don't know what information is available on that topic. You can search for "dog communication" in Google Scholar to get some idea of any studies that have already been done. Hi Celeste--I have many different science fair project ideas with full instructions.

Look at my profile for ideas. I am at school and I wanna ask. What would be a good project for science research class? Were having difficulty picking a project for our 'science fair'. It isn't really a science fair though more like a presentation. What good ideas can I use with like space stuff? EunJae, you might want to look at my science experiment about the salinity of water in agriculture.

How about in agricultural aspects? Are there any common problems that arising nowadays? I really need help. Hi Lily, I have a lot of different science fair projects I have designed. The one that seems to suit your idea best is "How does salt water affect seed germination.

I have a science fair coming up and I need help for a topic. So I've already put down environmental management as my topic and "destruction" as my heading because I was going to conduct an experiment on something else.

But now that won't work and I'm planning on doing a research project. So do you have any ideas of what I could say that has anything to do with the destruction of the earth? It would help if you would reply ASAP. Hi Annie, you might try one of the following: Do multi media science presentations work more effectively to help students retain information? Which type of multi media teaching method is most effective for science students? I would like to have a research on teaching science through multimedia,, any suggestions what would be a good topic?

What is the value of space exploration of other planets for humans? I think something on how looking at other planets in the universe helps us learn more about our own would be a good topic. You've come to the right place. I have over articles on writing and other articles on doing science projects. You can see my articles under my profile or just search for a topic. You can also see other articles written by me linked on the side. I would like some more tips for my students in my class. They all need a project on something.

Hi Mini--I will add some microbiology topics. Thanks for the suggestion. Here are a couple of ideas taken from currently important research: What is the recent update on the Corynebacterium species and their clinical significance?

What are the best ways for medical personnel to handle the growing problem of antibacterial resistance? Can older techniques like anti-microbial peptides be used effectively to treat bacteria? I am currently doing my bachelor's in microbiology. Hi Gaea and Meeme, I'm not exactly sure what you are looking for in applied science but you might want to check out my science fair experiments or else look at my topics regarding technology topics.

Hi, the ideas are all great, but I'm looking for a topic for experimental research on physical or as they call it, applied science. Can you help me with that? Hi Purple--You might want to look at my article about Technology Topics.

That one includes more links to articles. You might also look at my article on " Current Events" because the bottom section talks about medical and health topics. Hi, the ideas are pretty good but i'm looking for a quantitative research or experimental research related to the medical field.

I have seen some from the given topics but i'm hoping there's more. Hi JJ-Try looking at my article on technology topics because that has a lot of links to help you out. If you are actually doing a science experiment and not just a research paper, I have a lot of different step-by-step experiments too.

You can find them by going to my profile page. Are there easy topics that a secondary student could handle. Your ideas are good but its hard. Hi Anne--You might want to look at my article on Technology ideas.

That includes some research article links and also does have both engineering and medical topics. Just wanted to say that this website is very helpful in our PR 1, but my classmate and I are still confused on what research topic to tackle. Could you please suggest some topics for the both of us?

We'd also greatly appreciate suggestions coming from the fellow readers. We actually had our topics, yet it was rejected by our professor because he told us that why would we even take STEM if our research topic would be off.

So, we're struggling now in changing our topic. Thank you very much! Hi Jessica--If you want to build something, you might want to consider engineering topics. I have some articles about building a bomb detecting robot. You might also want to research how to build nanobots. I am in research science and I have no idea what I want to do. I'm interested in building something. Hi Jonah--Look out for a new article I'm writing on easy topics.

Most of these are aimed at college students but I'm discovering that there are a lot of younger students looking for topics too. Another place to get some inspiration right now is my technology topics article, which gives a lot of links to research articles that you can use. That makes it easier because you get a head start on your research.

These research ideas are all good. If you have any easier research topic pls do tell - still science related. Hi ALX--If you are going to do a science project rather than a research paper, you might want to look up my science fair ideas. I have over 10 proven science fair projects for ages from kindergarten through secondary school. If you are doing a paper and want a project to research, you might want to try looking at my article Technology topics for essay because that one has a lot of links to articles you can use.

Hello, I am going to enter a science competition but still can't find an interesting topic. These topics are good but hard for me to understand because I am only in secondary school first year. Can anyone please help me??? Hi Maleni--Here are some topics that are very current: How can chemistry contribute to the development of new types of batteries? What are the ways biomacromolecules or synthetic molecules can be used in imaging or for new medical therapies?

Hello can anyone help me with a interesting topic for my chemistry class? I have to do a paper bases on anything that has to do with chemistry! Here are some alternative research questions on the topic of euthanasia: Do euthanasia tend to happen more to poor people?

Should an individual be able to consider the burden of medical costs on their family when making a decision about euthanasia? What is the cause of most people wanting to choose euthanasia? Is there a moral difference between passive euthanasia vs. What are other research questions that involve euthanasia?

I am really interested in writing about this, I'm just not sure how to form a scientific question about it for my research paper. That is interesting and current and you should be able to find plenty to write about. What is the future of nanotechnology? Or How nanotechnology will improve our lives. Are radiography departments prepared for morbidly obese patients?

Another along this line would be: How has the increase in morbid obesity changed the medical field or changed radiography? Hi Jafta, I would suggest that you look up some forensic study journals. That will give you an idea of the types of articles and studies that are done in forensic investigations. Getting a couple of sources on the same topic will put you ahead in writing your paper. To write a topic for research, you need to find something that people are debating in forensic studies.

Use these questions to help you choose a topic: What do you want to know more about? What is the most important unsolved problem?

What can I research that will help me understand this job better? Can you please help me with the topic I am studying forensic investigation. The question is Based on your field of study, propose a suitable research topic for your study? Hi Manelisi--If you are looking for research topics in a particular field or area, you will often get the best ideas by searching for "current trends" or "current research" in that field.

You can also look at the most recent journal articles in top journals of that field. See 47 more comments. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: How to Start Your Science Research Paper Science topics are interesting to write and easy to research because there are so many current and reputable journals online.

If you don't find a topic here, you might want to look at: Is the paleo diet eating mostly meat really the way prehistoric people lived? Is it the optimal diet for humans? Is Europe's opposition to genetically modified crops about science or economics?

Can molecular biological research of rare genetic disorders help provide keys to understanding cancer and other illnesses?

Is behavioral epigenetics true? If so, how should we apply this idea? What is the molecular evidence that humans once interbred with Neanderthals? With other now-extinct species? As men age, do they pass on genetic abnormalities to their children? Is personalized medicine based on our own genome the wave of the future? Is stem cell treatment really promising? Will researchers really be able to use genetics to help us live both longer and healthier?

Physics and Astronomy Research Ideas How old is the universe? How important is it to explore our solar system? Is space exploration really necessary? What is dark energy? What do we really know about the universe we live in? What happened in the "Big Bang? Was there ever life on Mars? Why is Pluto no longer a planet? What caused the Astroid Belt? What has the International Space Station discovered that is most important? Is it realistic that people can live on another planet?

How will private space flight companies change the future of space exploration? Should the United States return to the moon and try to go to other planets? It has been claimed that going into space is important for scientific development. What scientific breakthroughs have come about through the space programs? What is the future of commercial space flight? What is the likelihood that a comet will strike the earth?

What is the best way to detect and stop this? How can we solve the problem of "space junk"? How have meteorites changed our view of the Universe?

How to Start Your Science Research Paper

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SJR is a measure of scientific influence of journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from It measures the scientific influence of the average article in a journal, it expresses how central to the global scientific discussion an average. Jan 19,  · Great topic ideas for science essays, links to articles to begin your research, writing tips, and step-by-step instructions for writing your books-wrfd.tks:

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Free scientific research papers, essays, and research papers. Feb 24,  · This is a list of fabulous topic ideas for a persuasive paper about a scientific topic. Includes lots of research links to help you get started. Academia» Essays; Science Essay Topic Ideas. Updated on August 4, Virginia Kearney. more. Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. Great Reviews: